There are many modifiable factors that influence chronic disease risks and outcomes. These include being overweight or obese, smoking, inadequate exercise, poor diet, high blood pressure, uncontrolled cholesterol, and excessive alcohol consumption. While the prevalence of some risk factors such as smoking has dropped, the prevalence of others has increased substantially, with major implications for chronic disease. For example, high body mass index is estimated to be responsible for 52% of diabetes burden, 38% of chronic kidney disease burden, 23% of coronary heart disease burden and 17% of stroke burden (AIHW, 2016). Reducing the prevalence of these risk factors requires a cross-sectoral and multi-disciplinary approach, including public health and behavioural experts, clinicians and policy makers. The BDHP Chronic Disease Theme will facilitate opportunities for research collaboration and translation into policy and practice.